In memory the Russian emigrants,

the Resistance fighters against Nazi occupation of France,

who sacrificed their lives to save the Jewish children.


World War II - was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries - including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. In a state of total war, the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust (in which approximately 6 million Jews were killed) and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centres (in which approximately one million were killed, and which included the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki), it resulted in an more to 80 million fatalities. These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history.

Estimates for the total number of casualties in the war vary, because many deaths went unrecorded. Most suggest that some 80 million people died in the war. Many of the civilians died because of deliberate genocide, massacres, mass-bombings, disease, and starvation. The Soviet Union lost around 27 million people during the war,including 8.7 million military and 19 million civilian deaths.

The German government led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party was responsible for the Holocaust, the killing of approximately 6 million Jews, as well as 2.7 million ethnic Poles, and 4 million others who were deemed "unworthy of life" as part of a programme of deliberate extermination.

The war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the subsequent German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945. World War II altered the political alignment and social structure of the world.


The United Nations (UN) was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The victorious great powers - the Soviet Union,the United States, China, the United Kingdom, and France - became the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council.